The choice of construction material is dependent upon load-bearing capacity, performance, economy and desirable lifespan. The framing system should have adequate bending features to accommodate the design style of the construction and non-structural components.
Steel buildings are usually made up of light pre-engineered structural steel framing components and fabricated with solid frames structure in the transverse orthogonal design. These frames offer the maximum strength when columns and beams are built up of light steel plates. Precast Concrete Frame buildings comprise roof and floor decking composed of precast concrete to get superior earthquake resistance.
Greater strength and deformation capacity of those connections help withstand lateral loads as desirable in important seismic upheavals. The construction structural engineer should make sure their designs meet desirable load, security, architectural, serviceability and performance standards. It should easily withstand massive life and dead loads along with climate changes and natural disasters.
Lightweight timber frames are popular for the building of two to 3, single, or several residential flats. Structurally it's a repetitive bond of timber joists on timber studs. All wood buildings have been engineered in accordance with the International One and 2 Residential Building Code. Industrial and commercial timber buildings commonly have bigger floor spans with a couple of retaining walls.